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Introduction to Chinese Capital Museum

ClassicalArchitecture

The architectural design concept of the museum is “ to take peopleand cultural heritage as the foremost and serve the society”, andunderlines “the harmonious integration of past and present, historyand modernism, art and nature”.

The construction of the museum itself is an architectural artworkintegrating both classical and modern beauty. It is of distinctnational characteristics on one hand and obvious modern feeling onthe other. The massive roof inherits the design from the roofoverhang of Chinese traditional architecture; the long stonecurtain wall stands for the city wall in ancient China; thegradient of the square refers to the architectural style of daisconstruction in ancient time; a piece of Danbi (vermilion steps ofstone leading up to a palace hall) is imbedded in the ground infront of the north gate of the Central Reception Hall; a decorativearchway from Ming Dynasty is set in the hall, which shows thetraditional Chinese architectural characteristic of “central axisin a plane”; the leaning and projecting wall of the bronze OvalExhibition Hall implies unearthing of ancient relics.

Use of large quantity of bronze, timber and stone material presentsan even deeper sense of historical profoundness. Stones used in theground of the north square and the Reception Hall are all producedin Fangshan, where stones have constantly been supplied forconstruction of Beijing since ancient time. Elmwood, most commonlyseen in Beijing, is adopted as external decoration material of theRectangular Exhibition Hall; while bronze, decorated with designsof the bronze ware of Western Zhou Dynasty unearthed in Beijing, isused on the external facades of the Oval Exhibition Hall.

The steel structure canopy roof and glass curtain wall express thedynamic atmosphere of Beijing, while grand and transparent visualeffect keeps according with the international fashion of modernarchitecture.

There are three independent constructions within the new complex.They are respectively the rectangular-hall section, the oval-hallsection and the quadrate Office & Scientific Research building.Spaces between them are the Reception Hall and indoor bamboocourtyard. An environment of both human and natural sentiment istherefore created by adopting natural light, Chinese archway,sunken bamboo courtyard and rippling water.

The Capital Museum is highly praised by personalities from allwalks of life both at home and abroad immediately uponcompletion.

AbundantExhibitions

Exhibits displayed in the new Capital Museum are mainly past years’collections and unearthed historical heritages of the Beijing area.Combining with the latest research results concerning the history,cultural heritages, archeology, and relevant subjects of Beijing,and using the successful experiences of other museums both at homeand abroad for reference, the Capital Museum holds modernexhibitions featured by Beijing characteristics.

The compilation of the exhibition outline was started in 2000, thesame year when the new Capital Museum began construction. The work,trying to show the latest results commonly recognized by academiccircles in the exhibition, is guided by many academic authoritiesfrom institutions such as the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences,Peking University, and Beijing Academy of Social Sciences, etc. Thegoal of the museum is to adopt new design concepts to breaktraditional dull exhibition pattern and use modern exhibitiontechnologies and methods to create a different exhibition style soas to give visitors the personal experience, make exhibitions moretouchable, lively, and interactive and suit both refined andgeneral tastes.


Exhibition of Capital Museum consists of three parts: permanentexhibitions, exhibitions of fine artistic works and temporaryexhibitions.

Permanent exhibitions include “Ancient Capital Beijing— History andCulture” and “Old Stories of Beijing — Exhibition of Old BeijingFolk Customs”. The first one shows the splendid and gloriousBeijing culture, which has constantly evolved and gradually formedits glorious development history. It is the brand exhibition ofCapital Museum.

Exhibitions of fine works include “Exhibition of Selected Works ofAncient Ceramic Art”, “Exhibition of Selected Works of Bronze Artin the Beijing Area”, “Exhibition of Selected Works of AncientCalligraphy”, “Exhibition of Selected Works of Ancient Paintings”,“Exhibition of Selected Works of Ancient Jade Art”, “Exhibition ofSelected Works of Ancient Buddha Statues”, and “Exhibition ofSelected Works of Ancient Stationary and other Study Utensils”. Theseven exhibitions and “Old Stories of Beijing — Exhibition of OldBeijing Folk Customs” serve as supplements and expansion to presentBeijing culture.

Totally 5,622 pieces of cultural relics are displayed.

The temporary exhibitions serve as a stage to study and appreciatethe culture and art exchanges between Beijing and the otherregions, China and the world.

  05-10-2013 | View(569)
Travel Tips in Hainan-4 world's top hotels in Sanya


 

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  03-27-2013 | View(622)
Kenting


Free China Classified ads-Located in Pingtung (píng dōng), a beautiful city in southern Taiwan, Kenting is a popular, enchanting holiday destination for all types of travelers. Having a tropical climate, summer in Kenting is usually hot and mild in winter, which makes Kenting a pleasant Taiwan holiday destination to visit all year round.

Kenting is the paradise of leisure and fun, as well as the home to tropical forests, meadows, and seaside cliffs. The Kenting National Park has an area more than 33 hectares covering notable Kenting attractions include Eluanbi Park (é luán bí gōng yuán), Nanwan (or South Bay, nán wān), Maobitou(māo bí tóu), Longluantan (lóng luán tán), and many others. Discover Kenting, the wonderful Taiwan tourist destination that enthralls travelers of all ages.


Overview

Kenting’s natural environment draws thousands of tourists from overseas to relax in these ideal weather conditions. The Taiwanese also flock to taste the freshest and finest seafood. Water sports enthusiasts benefit from the large variety of activities, including scuba diving. The best place for scuba diving is the reef between South Bay and Maobitou. There you can find soft corals, and view the vibrant marine life. You can find it attractive for Kenting National Park Tour, Maobitou, Eluanbi, Kaohsiung and Taroko Gorge National Park (tài lǔ gé guó jiā gōng yuán) Tour, Cheng Ching Lake (chéng qīng hú Tour.


History

The history of the Kenting area is as old as the history of Taiwan itself, although its days as a national park are far fewer. Long before Taiwan established the Kenting National Park Project, the area was perhaps most famously known for its fortified lighthouse, the Elaunbi. In the 1860s, the Chinese government received requests from both the Japanese and the American governments to build a lighthouse at this location, as a number of American and Japanese ships had shipwrecked in the nearby tidal waters. It took almost two decades to build, during which time the Chinese military had to keep watch over the lighthouse to protect it from raiding tribesmen, who did not want the lighthouse on their land.

Elaunbi was completed in 1883. Over 70 feet high with a light that projects 185 feet above the water for more than 27 nautical miles, the Elaunbi lighthouse still performs its duty.


Attractions

Kenting National Park

Kenting National Park(kěn dīng gúo jiā gōng yuán) is a national park of Taiwan, located in Hengchun (héng chūn), Pingtung County, Taiwan. The park is the oldest and southernmost park in Taiwan and was established on January 1, 1984. It is located near Kenting on a bay a short distance from Taiwan's southernmost tip. The park is famous for its coral reef cliffs, and for housing the historical lighthouse of Eluanbi.

Kenting National Park has a beautiful landscape that is divided into 2 parts by the long and narrow Hengchun Longitudinal Valley Plain. This Taiwan national park is gifted with a combination of coral tablelands, sand waterfalls, coral cliffs, sunken caves, stalactites, as well as diverse topography, geography and ecosystem that attraction large number of visitors each year.



Baishawan

Located northwest of Maobitou(Cat Nose) in Kenting National Park of Pingtung County, Taiwan, Kenting Baishawan(or White Sand Bay, bái shā wān) features a 500-meter-long white sandy beach, calm bay, suitable for all kinds of water activities such as swimming, diving, riding motorcycles and many other water sports. The white sand beach is composed of shell sand and embraced by beautiful coral reefs offering a calm and tranquil atmosphere making it a private Kenting scenic spot, suitable to visit both during day and nighttime.

Baishawan (White Sand Beach) is one of the nicest beaches in northern Taiwan. It’s long, clean beach is popular with Taiwanese and expats alike. Swimming is permitted during the day, but life guards can be a bit over zealous and refuse to let anyone swim past chest deep water. Beach tent rentals are available and there are a few Taiwanese restaurants near the entrance. There is also a new visitor’s center located at the entrance, with bathrooms, showers and travel information.

  12-06-2012 | View(1550)
Anyang Land of Oracle

Free China Classified ads-Anyang City (ān yáng shì), a prefecture-level city in the north of Henan Province (hé nán shěng) near the borders to Shaanxi Province (shǎn xī shěng) to the west and Hebei Province (hé běi shěng) to the north, has a history of over 3000 years, and as such is one of the cradles of Chinese civilization. It was authorized as the capital city of the Shang Dynasty (16th-11th century BC) in the 14th century BC. This is the site where over 150,000 oracle bones were discovered. The name of Anyang first appeared in history during the Warring States Period (476-221 BC).



Overview

Being one of the eight most famous ancient capitals in China, Anyang is home to a great number of historical sites. The most famous attractions are the historical ruins of the Shang Dynasty, also named as "Yinxu (yīn xū)", and the first Chinese Character Museum in China, which is built to better preserve the ancient Chinese civilization and culture, and to help foreign tourists better know about Chinese character and calligraphy.

Anyang is therefore a must-see for visitors who wish to observe the first-hand relics and remnants from a part of China's earliest historical period.


History

Xiaonanhai (xiǎo nán hǎi), on the far western edge of the city, was home to prehistoric cavemen during the Stone Age. Over 7,000 artifacts (including stone tools and animal bone fossils) have been unearthed here, representing what has been dubbed the Xiaonanhai culture.

Around 2000 BC, the legendary sage-kings Zhuanxu and Emperor Ku are said to have established their capitals in the area around Anyang from where they ruled their kingdom. Their mausoleums are today situated inSanyang village (sān yáng cūn).

At the beginning of the 14th century BC, King Pangeng of the Shang Dynasty established his capital 2 kilometres north of the modern city on the banks of the Huan River. The city, known as Yin, was the first stable capital in Chinese history, and from that point on the dynasty that founded it would also become known as the Yin Dynasty.

The capital served 12 kings in 8 generations, including Wu Ding, under whom the dynasty reached the zenith of its power, until it was wiped out, along with the dynasty that founded it, by King Wu of the Zhou Dynasty in 1046 BC.

Anyang's Tangyin County (tāng yīn xiàn) was the seat of Yue Village, birthplace of the famous Song Dynasty general, Yue Fei (yuè fēi). This was also the historic home of Zhou Tong, Yue's military arts tutor.


Geographic Features

Anyang City lies in the northernmost section of Henan Province and is separated from Shanxi Province by the Taihang Mountains (tài háng shān) in the west and from Hebei Province by the Zhang River (zhāng hé) in the north. The capital city of the province, Zhengzhou is 170 kilometers (106 miles) south of the city.

It stands at the base of the eastern foothills of the Taihang Mountains. Its terrain basically slopes downward from west to east. The western part of the city belongs to the Taihang Mountains, while eastern Anyang is a part of the North China Plain.

Climate

Situated in the warm northern temperate zone, the city actually lies on the border between steppe and the North China Plain, and as such, it has a four-season, monsoon-influenced climate, classified as semi-arid climate, but barely so. Winters are cold, with a January average of −0.9°C (30.4°F), but dry, with little snow. Summers are hot and humid, with a July average of 27.0°C (80.6°F). A majority of the annual precipitation of 560 millimetres falls in July and August alone, and the annual mean is 14.1°C (57.4°F).

Attractions

Yin Ruins

Yin is the ancient name for present-day Xiaotun village (xiǎo tún cūn), where inscriptions on bones and tortoise shells, the oldest characters in the world, were discovered in 1899. The ruins cover a total area of 24 square kilometers (9 square miles), preserving a great number of bronze, stone, bone and jade articles. The 87-kilogram Simuwu four-legged square bronze caldron is the biggest bronze article in the world.

In 1899, in Xiao Tun Village of Anyang City, Henan Province, villagers found many tortoise shells and bones carved with letters and symbols, which unveiled to the world Yin Xu (yīn xū), an ancient city with a long history and splendid culture. Since then this place has become of great interest to worldwide archeologists, because those inscriptions have proved to be the earliest written characters of human beings, theOracles.

About 3,300 years ago, one emperor of the Shang Dynasty (16th-11th century BC) moved his capital city to Yin, which is today's Anyang city, and since then Yin has been the capital city for more than 250 years. Today Yin Xu has proved to be the earliest remains of an ancient capital city in written record.

Covering a grand area of 24 square kilometers (more than 9 square miles), Yin Xu had a palaces district, civil residences district, tombs district and workshops district, divided into two parts by the Heng river in the city. This rational layout clearly shows people a powerful country and a well-equipped ancient city.

The large-scale excavation in Yin Xu has been continued since the last century. Besides the 150, 000pieces of oracles, abundant bronze ware has been excavated, and among them, Simuwu Ding, a 4-legged bronze cooking vessel is the biggest and heaviest bronze ware ever found worldwide. Apart from oracles and bronze ware, people have also excavated much pottery ware and jade. The excavation is still in progress and great discoveries come forth from time to time. Like a famous archeologist has said, in Yin Xu there are more treasures to be found.

Because of its great value in not only the historical relics of Chinese culture but also the human civilization of the whole world, Yin Xu topped the 100 Greatest Archeological Discoveries of China in the last century and it was listed in the World Cultural and Natural Heritage List of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Yin Xu is revealing its beauty to the world.

Transportation: Bus No. 1, 15, 18 goes directly to the destination.
Opening Hours: April-September 8:00 a.m. - 6:30 p.m. ;
October-March 8:00 a.m. - 5:30 p.m.
Admission Fee: CNY61 (Through ticket)

Grand Taihang Canyon Scenic Area

Grand Taihang Canyon Scenic Area (tài háng shān dà xiá gǔ fēng jǐng qū) is located in Linzhou City (lín zhōu shì), western part of Anyang in northwest Henan Province. Its length is about 50 kilometers and width 1 kilometer. The altitude is ranging from 800 to 1736 meters above sea level. The cliffs are tall and dangerous, and the peaks are tapering and tough. Green streams are flowing rapidly and waterfalls are rushing down powerfully. The scenes make the Grand Taihang Canyon a typical representative of majestic landscape in northern China.

The beauty of this mountainous terrain has fostered the honest, kind and clever Chinese nation. The old residential houses are built by using the natural stone material here, so they are being integrated into the picturesque scene. Much part of the Grand Taihang Canyon Scenic Area was agricultural land that is now returned to the Mother Nature. Dense forest zone is having excellent ecological environment. It seems like a natural oxygen spa!

  12-06-2012 | View(768)
Heilongjiang Province Travel Guide

Heilongjiang Province Travel Guide


China Classifieds-Heilongjiang Province(hēi lóng jiāng shěng) is called Hei (hēi) for short, with Harbin as its provincial capital. With expanse of flatland and wide areas of fertile black soil, it is one of China's major commodity grain growers. Named after its largest river, its land area includes the country’s largest oil reserve. Lying in the northernmost part of northeast China, Heilongjiang Province is the province with the longest winters. And with the development of society, it has become now one of the well-known tourist destinations in China. There are a variety of special interest tours catering for tourists such as the ice and snow tour, the forest tour, the summer resort tour, and the border (between China and Russia) town tour.



Geography and Climate
Heilongjiang is a land of varied topography. It is higher in the northwest, north and the southeast, and lower in the northeast and southwest. The interior of the province, which is relatively flat and low in altitude, contains the Songhua River, the Nen River (nèn jiāng), and the Mudan River(mǔ dān jiāng), all tributaries of the Amur. However, actually much of the province is dominated by mountain ranges. The famous Greater and Lesser Hinggan Mountains (xiǎo xìng ān lǐng) are its major forest area.
Heilongjiang is subarctic in climate. Winters are long and frigid, with an average of -31 to -15°C in January, and summers are short and cool with an average of 18 to 23°C in July. The annual average rainfall is 500 to 600 mm, concentrated mostly in summer.

People and Culture



Heilongjiang's culture is part of a culture of Northeast China that is relatively homogeneous across this region, known in Mandarin Chinese as the northeast region. Northeastern Mandarin retains elements from native Tungusic languages (tōng gǔ sī mǎn yǔ), Japanese, and Russian and there are enough differences to give the dialect its own distinctive characteristics. The majority of Heilongjiang's population is Han Chinese. And with a population of over 36.8 million, there are about 35 ethical groups living in Heilongjiang. Among them the most characteristic ethical groups are Hezhe (hè zhé) fishermen, Ewenki(è wēn kè)Hunters and Daur (dá wò ěr) ethnical group, who raises mainly cattle. Their life styles are very different from each others.

Transportation
A road and highway proposal was accepted in 2006; the project plans to develop 38,000 kilometers of new roads and expand Heilongjiang’s total road network to 2.3 million kilometers.There are 60 rail lines of around 5,300 kilometers including a section of the Asia-Europe Continental Bridge. Construction of an RMB 92.3 billion passenger-only railway line running from Harbin-Dalian began in August 2007. The railway will stretch from Harbin, Heilongjiang’s capital, to Dalian in Liaoning province via Changchun and Shenyang comprising 23 stops. It is expected to transport 37 million passengers per year by 2020 and 51 million by 2030.
Major airports include Harbin International Airport, Qiqihar Airport, Mudanjiang Airport, Jiamusi Airport and Heihe Airport. Harbin International Airport is capable of handling six million passengers every year and connects to over 40 domestic and international cities.

  11-30-2012 | View(729)
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